INCREDIBLE! In the Caribbean Islands, indigenes speak Igbo, Yoruba


‘Nigerian masquerades, a common sight in Cuba’


You may find this incredible, but Igbo and Yoruba languages are widely spoken in the Caribbean Islands. And the speakers are not Nigerians living in those countries. Indigenes of the Caribbean Islands speak Igbo and Yoruba.

It might be different from the Yoruba or Igbo that many Nigerians speak today, but a foremost entertainer and music maestro, Tar Ukoh, says many people in the area speak Igbo and Yoruba of the 13th century. Till now he says, the Yorubas still play and enjoy their traditional Yoruba songs, while the Igbos feature their nmanwu, agaba and ekpe masquerades.  Ukoh, known in the entertainment world as Mambisa, made this revelation while on a guided tour with a group of Cuban ladies mostly of Yoruba ancestry now in the country.

They are part of the Cuban troupe searching for the place their ancestors once lived and called their own before they were brutally uprooted by slave raiders and merchants and whisked to sugar plantations in the Caribbean Islands. “This group you are seeing here consists of Yoruba ladies from Cuba.

They are here searching for their ancestral home. They are asking, Ile mi da (where is my home)? And don’t forget that out there in the Caribbean, there are countless Igbos too who still speak their language, feature in agaba, ekpe and nmanwu masquerades. From those masquerades, they fashioned out a brand of music they call Wawanco. Their ancestors too were the exponents of the popular Calypso music which is an adulteration of Ka anyi soo nmanwu (let’s join the masquerade troupe).

They also play another brand of music called Abakwua to remember Abata, a point in Ogoja axis in Cross River through which slaves were taken. Slaves who went through that route were then given numbers such as Abata 1, 2… to identify them.”   Now, Ukoh is demanding that those routes and other historical sites like the Long Juju of Arochukwu be revitalised.

He says if that is done, it will boost historical tourism which can become an alternative source of revenue to oil. He is therefore advising that Nigeria should take a cue from countries like Ghana and Senegal that are bountifully reaping from the industry, adding that annually, thousands of tourists stream into both countries to see the Elmina Caste and the House of Slaves on Goree Island respectively where slaves in the 18th century were hounded before their final shipment abroad.

Ukoh who holds citizenships of Cuba and Ethiopia says he is still regretting the alleged Nigeria’s rejection of  United Nations Education and Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)’s request that slave routes from Isikwuato, Abriba, Arochukwu to Opobo be revitalised to serve as a world heritage site.

“Some time ago, UNESCO approached Nigeria, wanting those routes along which slaves were taken to Opobo be revitalised as a UNESCO project, but Nigeria turned down the request. Countries like Ghana and Senegal then picked the initiative, and now they are making fortune from the project. That is what I’m appealing to Governor Theodore Orji of Abia State to act on. If he could re-establish the Long juju of Arochukwu, the Isikwuato – Abriba slave trade routes, then he can collaborate with Akwa Ibom State to develop the Jaja of Opobo enclave,” he said. Ukoh, who facilitated the coming of the Cuban delegation, told Daily Sun that he was very excited at the collaboration. Describing himself as a Nigerian cultural ambassador, he said he takes much pleasure in marketing Nigeria and Africa to the entire world.  “I’m the facilitator and co-ordinator of the project. I brought this cultural troupe to Nigeria.

I’m a citizen of Cuba, by the way. I have been working with Cuba for the past 30 years. What you are seeing today is just an extension of the programme I have been doing in that country. “The Cubans arrived here in August and featured in the Osun Osogbo Festival. And since then, they have been touring the country. They will round off their tour after visiting 16 states.”  The essence of the tour, he says “is to develop Nigerian-Cuba tie.

Their aim is to promote their Yoruba heritage in Cuba here in Nigeria.” He expressed happiness that “the response we are getting is fantastic. We go to the villages for them to see things for themselves. What we are doing at the moment is part of the initiative to promote Nigerian – Cuban diplomatic relations.” Ukoh, a multi-linguist from Benue State, says he prides himself as Nigerian, Ethiopian and African cultural ambassador. “I represent Ethiopia in Nigeria.

I’m a pan Africanist because I promote Ethiopian culture in Africa and they see me as their son and that is important to me. In the same way, I’m Nigeria’s cultural ambassador and I see myself as so. That is what I do all over the world. Nigeria gives me that job, that recognition and that is why I’m bringing the Cubans to tour the country. I do that without much help. I don’t need any payment to do that; I see that as my duty.”

He said he works with the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism because “they recognise my job all over the world, especially in Africa. So when I bring in programmes, they accept them and often we collaborate. When they have programmes and want to reach out to those countries where they feel I have influence, they always encourage me to have collaboration with them.”  He noted that it had become necessary for him to market culture because “culture is everything to me. Without culture, everything is lost. Technology is culture; the food we eat is culture, even understanding how to look after our environment is culture.

Therefore culture is important to our existence. It is not all about singing and dancing; it is the totality of our existence.” The Cuban troupe to Nigeria consists of a team leader, Comrade Karina Palaciuos, a manager and a television journalist said to be the best in Cuba, (both of them males) and then seven women whose ages averaged 25 years. The group has been around since August, 24 2012, when this year’s edition of Osun Osogbo was held. Guided by Ukoh, the group has since been touring some states in the country, interacting with the people and getting used to the Nigerian way of life. The group called Obirin Bata (Women playing the Bata drum, in Yoruba) was at the last Osun Osogbo Festival, drumming and dancing, wining and dining.

Looking at the women, nothing suggests that they are Nigerians, let alone Yoruba. Most of them look alike, except the troupe leader, Comrade Palacious. However, in their midst is a Fulani lady whose look is totally Fulani. All but Comrade Palacious speak Spanish; but they claim to speak Yoruba of the 13th century which might be lost to today’s speakers of the language.  “We are here in Nigeria at the instance of the Ministry of Culture of Cuba and Ministry of Culture, Orientation and Tourism of Nigeria,” says Comrade Palacious. “We signed an agreement to develop cultural interaction. We are bringing our culture back to our motherland Africa. So we are back to our roots. Our mission here is to visit different states and see as many places as possible.

“We are excited to be back to our roots. We have been to Osun Osogbo Festival and participated in the international event. We were at the Osun River; we shared with the people in all that they did. In Cuba, we observe the same tradition like the Osun Osogbo. Our cultural troupe is called Obirin Bata which I’m told translates to women playing the drum. “We are very excited to be here. Let me tell you, our country was once a colony of Spain. When the Spanish arrived Cuba, majority of the local Cubans had died and disappeared. Then slaves from Africa started arriving, most of them coming from the Yoruba speaking people of Nigeria.

That is why when you get to streets in Cuba, you see Yoruba speaking people. Now 500 years after, we are back here.  “Indeed, I like this cultural visit. With the help of the Ministry of Culture of both countries, I look forward to seeing that a cultural exchange programme between Cuba and Nigeria is implemented. We would like to see Nigerians go to Cuba and have a rewarding experience just as we are having here,” she added.

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  1. You are right I visted havana Cuba on feb 2012 also Haiti , wow it was like a dream because all the blacks cubanais i saw there look like nigerians special yoruba , they dance like yoruba woman and also put some colors rop on their legs cliam it as tradition.Then i asked them, which tradition are you people doing here and they answered me is yoruba Africa ..Thy are really taking like yoruba ppl..meanwhile i will like your program to viste haiti nothing different of congo,ghana senegal and nigerians.Some time it remain for me to greet them with igbio but dominican republic blacks forget them their blacks act like Americans ebony even if you tell them , you look like african dominican wil never aceept


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  3. Let there be inter-marriages between the two countries. I think that will give them a total sense of belonging and eventual regular link with their roots! You are all welcome to your roots.

  4. Those who are predicting the extinction of the Igbo language should hide their heads in shame! Some years back while I was working in Lagos, I went into a Buka to cool off. As I was sipping away at my drink, two newly arrived Togo girls walked in…What followed next was a great shock to me. They began to speak what sounded like Igbo to themselves! I asked a neighbour who confirmed they were Togolese! I swore I would research into this phenomenon, but before I could so, I was transfered to Abuja! Painful!

  5. Nigerians should not go and introduce this our ALUU, boko, kill my brother and I will eat you thing to CUBA o. Nothing naija person no fit do.

  6. Present day medical breakthrough in DNA can easily help them trace their ancestorial homes in Nigeria. It is good to hear they can still speak Nigerian languages.

  7. Hmm,that’s great.Haiti Ambassador to Nigeria recently made a presentation on that,it’s a good think to know that we are interrelated,though i don’t support promoting the slave roots as aworld heritage.Nigeria Government should do more to promote interrelationship between us and the Carribeans minus Dominican Republic and the lost forever ones,at least lets do something to forget the evils the Oyibos had done our fathers but instead use the avenrothers in diaspora

  8. It is amazing how the the Yorubas in slavery never forget their heritage.Most of them still worship the Yorubas Gods like Shango(God of Thunder),Orisha,Iyemoja,Obatala,Ogun(Godof Iron).Venezuela has the biggest Shango Temple in the world bigger than any Shango Temple in Nigeria,also Trinidad and Tobago also celebrates Shango God with Verocity carrying sharp cutlasses and in Cuba I can still understand some of their olden day Yoruba when they are celebrating Iyemoja,Obatala,Osun,Ogun anmd Shango.Some of them still name their children in Yoruba like Lola Falana who was originally from Cuba before she became a popular singer in U S A . ‘Falana means the oracle has opened the way for me and Lola means a Child with wealth even though a lot Spanish people bear similar Lola without the dot under the “o” in Lola but in Yoruba there has to be a dot under the “o”
    Also the Nigerian Nollywood movies have help Nigeria a lot throughout the black world,they love Nigerian movies with passion because the movies relate to their ways of life thereby making a big sense to them.I have friends who are not Nigerian women and they collected more than 5000 Nigerian movies,it is very addictive for them.Nollywood movies are very good Ambasadors for Nigeria

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