Ethnic nationalism: Challenges and prospects of a Pan Nigeriana (2)

14

BY PROF TAM DAVID-WEST

Some more of the British positive expectation: “From 1948 on, Governor Macpherson spoke repeatedly and emphatically in favour of united Nigeria, on many occasions publicly deprecating manifestations of disunity and tribalism among Nigerian political groups.”

In his Notes to chapter 15, Coleman, cited a letter written by the Secretary of State for the colonies, James Griffiths, to Governor Sir John Macpherson: “Any tendency to break up Nigeria into separate parts would in the view of His Majesty’s Government be contrary to the interest of the peoples of all three Regions and of Nigeria as a whole.”

He was favourable for a strong Central Legislature and Executive. From 1960 to 2012 is 52 years. I, therefore, argue that if even after one Century after Lugard, and if even after half a century after Independence, we are still bickering over Political Order, Modus vivendi; or in fact, if integral corporate Nigeria should not cease to exist then we cannot as a people lay any claims to seriousness. We are perpetually “Fighting with the Past” spinning out one alibi after another to explain our failures in forging or fashioning Pan Nigeriana.

A united Nigerian union. We must not blame Lord Lugard. One hundred years are much more than enough to restitute any real or putative evil he is accused of. I, therefore, declare him “Not Guilty. Discharged and Acquitted.”

We must likewise also not blame the British. One half of a century is more than adequate for us to say, “We are Nigerians. We’ve arrived. We are happy and proud so to be.” No National Anthem can do this for us. It must spring from a deep spiritual commitment. For the British I discharge them. But I withhold acquittal.

Because they are involved in insidious neo-colonialism exploiting local hollow bosoms. Neo-colonialism is even much worse than classical colonialism. In the former the ‘enemy’ is clandestine. In the latter he is very much identifiable. SINNERS and BORN AGAINS One accepts that over time some of our leaders have made most unfortunate emotive and divisive statements on the integrity of the Nigerian State, which are potentially anti-Pan Nigeriana. But I don’t ever have sleepless nights because of them.

Because serious and potentially destructive as they may seem, there is no ‘soul’ in them. Time has invariably vindicated me. All sounds and volcanic outbursts.

These divisive, emotive utterances were prompted by either situational exuberance or frustration, infantile feeling of omnipotence and invincibility or baseless, nebulous or exaggerated feeling of self-worth. Superiority obsession. Egotism. THE HONOURABLE JUSTICE C. D. ONYEAMA He was one of the most distinguished judges of the Supreme Court. He was also widely respected. However, he too was not immune to infection by the ‘virus’ of verbal indiscretion which was counter Pan Nigeriana. At the elite Island Club, Lagos in the early 1960’s he made the following faux pas: “Domination of Nigeria the Ibo is only a question of time.”

Indeed the “Ibo National caucus” penciled 1964 (changed later 1969) “for our perpetual rule of the Federation.” Source: “The Educated Elite In Nigerian Society” (1974) page 123 by Professor E. A. Ayandele. DR. NNAMDI AZIKIWE “It would appear that the God of Africa has specifically created the Ibo nation to lead the children of Africa from the bondage of the ages ….. the marital prowess of the Ibo nation at all stages of human history has to adapt themselves to the role of preserver.”

That was Zik in the West African Pilot 06 July, 1949. What a profound ethno-centric condescending thesis. I am not sure, however, the thesis of all-conquiring Ibo nation” holds water. Zik later shifted grounds somewhat in his “Ideology for Nigeria” (1980): “Vagaries of anthropology…We must dig deep from our roots to discover the secret of successful co-existence.” But in spite of them I sleep very soundly and may even snore. Because they are mere fantasies. Pipe dreams. I believe in Nigeria.

I “have no other country than Nigeria.” I “must stay here to salvage it.” (General Buhari) and do all within my strength and power to work towards Pan Nigeriana. My mantra even as a dyed-in-the wool social critic is William Cowper’s “England with all thy faults, I love thee still – My country!” “Nobody can split Nigeria. I tried it and it didn’t work” Ikemba Odumegwu Ojukwu. Media Dialogue in London in June 1995 (TELL 05 March, 2012 page 32). And viewed with the background of his during civil war certainty, “No power in Black Africa can subdue us,” one can see what a realist he later became on the question of Nigerian unity or integrity.

The anti-Pan Nigeriana will quench. Nigeria and Pan Nigeriana will not quench. Without prejudice to the above, I believe that it is tendentious, if not even intellectual fraudulence, to continue to quote these negative statements without reference to or counterpoising them with later positive Pan Nigeriana statements or actions by these very leaders.

It is like a university lecturer using the same Lecture Notes all the time without updating them in the light of new discoveries. Or like still referring to sincerely Born Again armed robber as “armed robber.” The point being made is that after the anti-Pan Nigeriana utterances they became ‘Born Agains’ and so became pro-Pan Nigeriana.

Let me give some examples of the “Born Again” Pan Nigeriana. CHIEF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO “Nigeria is not a nation. It is a MERE geographical expression…” (‘Path to Nigerian Freedom’ (1947. Page 47). Capitalised “MERE” by me. This is often quoted by the anti-Pan Nigeriana. It is like a sort of creed. But what of the ‘Born Again’ Pan Nigeriana Chief Obafemi Awolowo? He was Deputy Chairman to General Yakubu Gowon, the Head of State and Chairman of the Federal Executive Council. He was also the Minister of Finance throughout our most unfortunate 30-month Civil War (30 May, 1967 – 14 January, 1970) and because of his wizardry in finance management, Nigeria did not borrow a cent to execute the war.

Far cry from today when the Minister of Finance Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was very happy to say that Nigeria must go on borrowing (from the IMF/World Bank). Shame! He who goes “borrowing,” will go on “sorrowing.” It is only a fool or a vacuous with no idea person can be comfortable with external borrowing for national development.

The point being made is that even Awolowo was converted from writing off Nigeria as a “MERE” (dispensable!) “geographical expression” to a Nigeria that is worth dying for: “To keep Nigeria one is a task that must be done.” (Civil War Federal Slogan). In other words, even Awo was later a believer in Pan Nigeriana. GENERAL YAKUBU GOWON Being face to face with the terrible ethnic asymmetry of the 15 January, 1966 coup General Gowon in his Maiden Broadcast as Head of State, 01 August, 1966, said: “The basis of unity is not there.”

A terrible faux pas! A later after-thought inelegant and clumsy “re-say” by his Advisers in manoeuvering to change “unity” for “unitary” (Government by General Ironsi) failed to impress any serious-minded person. I know some of these Gowon’s “Think Tank” For completion of history, the Nzeogwu 15 January, 1966 Ethnic Asymmetry coup touched off the Danjuma’s “ARABA” of 29 July, 1966. Gowon’s unfortunate hyper-reaction about Nigeria unity or Pan Nigeriana also became a second creed for the anti-Pan Nigeriana.

It is tendentious. It is intellectual prostitution not to refer to the later pro-Nigeriana Gowon who as Head of State and Commander-in-Chief sincerely committed himself to the slogan, the mantra: “To keep Nigeria one is a task that must be done.”

Yes, indeed it was “REQUIEM BIAFRA” (apology General J. O. G. Achuzia) on 11 January, 1970. Kudos! Pan Nigeriana Gowon. SIR ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA “Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite….Nigerian unity is only a British intention for the country.” Balewa in the Legislative Council, 1948.

This is also a constant quotable quote by the Anti-Pan Nigeriana. I’m afraid again tendentious. The underlined are my emphasis. From them I suggest the following: It is not true that the British Hidden Agenda was to “Divide and Rule” Nigeria. In fact, “Amalgamation” would have been a more expensive and counter-productive experiment. We were already divided anyway. The ‘virus’ of “not willing to unite” was the Nigerians themselves.

Secondly, his records as the Speaker of the Legislative Council in 1948 did not equally show that Balewa was anti-Pan Nigeriana. Because within the interstices of his statement is palpable frustration. Balewa, was however, wrong to scapegoat our clear differences as necessarily the cause of anti-Pan Nigeriana. No nation is a monolith or a Totem Pole of no diversity or different characters. Nations are necessarily heterogeneous. “A nation is a unit that can hold together: it does not have to be homogenous.” In, Walter Schwarz, “Nigeria” (1968). The crucial and decisive pre-requisite is what I may call spiritual commitment among the units to form a common government for a common interest or interests. And to actualise this common cause, there must be sincerity, mutual respect and mutual accommodation.

24 yrs boy started importation with N10,450. Read his story here!

Men, forget Viagra. Use these to increase your manhood size & strength

How watermelon made a Benin boy over N1,000,000 in 73days

How to start a profitable importation biz with as low as N10,000 only

Superb premature ejaculation spray. You 'll last 30minutes+

How to earn 40k-200k monthly from football matches almost on autopilot

3 Things I did to cure premature ejaculation after my wife left me

Small manhood and premature ejaculation limited my performance for 4yrs!

7 Simple yet amazing steps to earn over N200,000/monthly. Click here

How to get flat belly in just 9 days. Click here!

Free Download! How to earn N200,000 monthly from importation business

Click here now if you are interested in earning at least N7,500/daily

How a young Nigerian generate over N1,000,000/month via digital marketing

Generate as much as 150k-250k profit from your football betting investment

Incredible special offer! Amazing business that earns you N200,000/month

Discover the hidden secrets of doing broiler business in Nigeria

Apply for Mr Johnson visa lottery for Africans into Canada, USA and other countries

Exposed! How 23yrs Ijebu boy makes N270,000 with Facebook. Read story!

How an undergraduate became millionaire online in less than four weeks

I earn N353,780 monthly online. Click to see how

Make N250,000 to N500,000 monthly on information marketing online here

Share.

About Author

14 Comments

  1. But u forgot to say that those who changed their position on nigerian unity did it when they’re in power and return to divisible nigeriana once power elude them.it was then the minorities report,followed by the northerners disbelief in ‘UN-UNIFIABLE NIGERIANA'(balewa and gowon) due to fear of igbo domination,then the yorubas that believe in separete yoruba nation and not in ‘MERE GEOGRAPHICAL EXPRESSION CALLED NIGERIA’and then the attempt to extaminate the source of all the problem of the then anti-nigerianarians so they can be ‘born-again’enough to withdraw their utterances.yes they had the chance to give a blow to those uppish pro nigerianarian the IGBOS.the pogrom and biafra massacre turned the believers to sinners and the unbelievers to born-again.The result is here:igbos are now anti nigerianas and the hausa/fulanis and yorubas pro nigerianas.yes they taught they’ve giving a final struck to their fearful rivals but alas ndigbo is fast getting back to their feet after all.that’s why u’re now hearing the call for dialog from every corner now.the fear of igbos is the bane of nigeria period.nigeria can’t be one cos that fear is both realist and omnipresent.if ndigbo ever get a shot on the presidency once again and put everything right,nothing will ever stop them again and then we will know the new stance of the then born again.

    • Sometimes it is very sad and annoying to all the time listen to all these Ibos ranting and selve aggradisement.They see themselves as the Japan and the Jews of Nigeria and yet there is nothing to show for in the 5 zonal States alloted to them to justify this selve-acclaimed greatness but rather their States have become a no go areas for themselves because of kidnapping,Armed Robbery and 419ers and corruptions,every Ibo man is very very afraid to go home,all their investments are outside of their states.This shows that even if you get your dreamed Biafra it will be worst than your present 5 States of the Federation.The truth is always bitter to every Igbo man.You hate Nigeria but yet you are still carrying Nigeria Passport,shame on all of you.I WILL ALWAYS REMAIN A FOLLOWER OF TAM DAVID WEST because he always call a SPADE A SPADE !! I always follow his writings because he is a TRUE NATIONALIST and I am too and I don’t care what anybody say about Nigeria,she is my only country regardless of all our ills.I served my country from 1966 -1972 in the Nigeria Air Force and I was the D.S.M. of Escravos during the war,I am not an Ijaw man ,I am a Yoruba man but I can speak 6 Nigerian languages including Ijaw and 7 international languages and I am a very Proud Nigerian and to keep Nigeria one remains a task that must be done.It is a shame that all of you MASSOB people never give up on your so-called Biafra that never was !!.You talk of the Igbos genocide and pogrom,who cause it,the Igbos caused it on themselves because of your bosting attitude.I was in Kawo ,Kaduna in 1966 before the second Northerner coup happened and I know exactly what went wrong.The Igbos staged the first coup with some few Yoruba elements,it was supposed to be a National coup to take care of the chaos in the country from 1965 national election but the Igbos turned it around to make it a total Igbos coup by killing Ahmadu Bello,Akintola.Balewa etc and lefft all the Igbo leaders untouched,Okpara,and Osadebey were not killed and top it ,the Igbos went on the rampage bosting around that they they kill the Northers Fathers and Mothers what can they do ,hence the Northerners staged the second coup and the rest is history.You must remember that “He who calls the tune must be ready to pay the pipper”.You must also remember that war means destructions and destructions mean war!!. .It seems that you guys have not learnt lessons from the past !!.I seriously appeal to my brothers and sisters,whether Igbos,Yorubas or Hausas etc to tear off with all his/her strength,the shameful livery put together by centuries of imcomprehension.Of those who heat the iron in order to shape it at once ,I prefer to warn man’s body and leave him.!!

      • Olu Ade , as an elite nigerian military personnel u never sounded like one. U sounded like a bloody divide and rule politician. U were reacting to a piece of scholarly written work and u are being bias . The writer was recalling anti nigeriana who later on turned pro nigeriana and just as the Ibos were pro nigeriana before the civil war and anti nigeriana after the civil . He cited Gowon,Awolowo, Balewa and even the “Araba” north .They were all once anti nigeriana turned pro nigeriana . It has nothing to do with being personal on the Ibos .

        • @ LEO JESUS FOR YOUR INFORMATION I AM NOT WHAT YOU CALL ME,I AM NOT A MEMBER OF ANY POLITICAL PARTY !! .I DO NOT DIVIDE AND RULE ANYBODY BUT I WAS BLOODY DURING THE WAR .I WISH THE CIVIL WAR DID NOT HAPPEN !.I COULDN’T EAT MEAT FOR MORE THAN THREE MONTHS AFTER THE WAR.WAR WITH BROTHERS AND SISTERS IS NOT A PLEASANT THING.I AM A TRUE NIGERIAN !! I DEVOTED MY LIFE FOR THE CONTINUITY OF ONE NIGERIA AND AS SUCH I DON’T LKE ANYONE WHO TALKS OF BREAKING UP NIGERIA WHETHER YORUBAS ,IGBOS ,IJAWS ,TIVS OR HAUSAS/FULANIS..IF A SELFLESS IBO MAN OFFERS HIMSELF/HERSELF FOR THE PRESIDENCY TODAY I WILL VOTE FOR HIM/HER.I LEFT NIGERIA SINCE 1972 ,I AM IN NORTH AMERICA BUT I UPDATE MYSELF EVERYDAY WITH WHAT GOES ON IN NIGERIA EVERYDAY,I GET TO READ THE NEWS HERE BEFORE IT COMES OUT IN YOUR PAPERS.I READ ALL NIGERIAN PAPERS PLUS MOST OF THE INTELLIGENT REPORTS ,INFACT ANYTHING GOOD OR BAD ABOUT NIGERIA I READ THEM ALL.I MADE MYSELF A DEFENDER OF NIGERIA HERE IN NORTH AMERICA.I ALWAYS TANGO WITH THE WHITE PEOPLE HERE ABOUT NIGERIA.WHEN THEY TALK ABOUT NIGERIA 419 AND CORRUPTION I DID NOT LET THAT DEPRESS ME INSTEAD I STRIKE BACK IN DEFENCE OF NIGERIA.I AM NOT A HATER OF IBOS ,IT IS JUST THAT I DON’T LIKE MOST OF THEIR POMPOSITY,PRIDE AND FORWARDNESS,LIKE REX LAWSON USED TO SAY “NA DEM ! NA DEM! NA DEM!!.THAT TYPE OF ATTITUDE STINKS !!.THE MOST FOOLISH MAN ON EARTH IS SOMEONE WHO ALWAYS THINK HE KNOWS BETTER THAN ANYONE WHICH IS THE ATTITUDE OF YOUR PEOPLE EVEN YOU CAN SEE FROM SOME OF THEIR COMMENTS HERE..I SUPPORTED JONATHAN BECAUSE AT LEAST HE IS TRYING TO SOLVE SOME OF OUR PROBLEMS AND I WILL LIKE US TO SUPPORT HIM,INSULTING HIM EVERYDAY WILL NOT HELP US,WE CAN CRITICISE HIM WHEN HE GOES WRONG BUT WE MUST SHOW SOME RESPECT FOR HIM AS OUR PRESIDENT.ENOUGH OF THE ABUSE.LONG LIVE ONE NIGERIA

        • @FAKAS YOU ARE ACCUSING ME OF BEEN BIAS BUT YOU JUST VINDICATED ME!! .HAVE YOU EVER READ BACK YOUR COMMENTS THAT YOU LEFT HERE?.YOU HAVE JUST CONFIRMED WHAT I WAS SAYING !!.YOU HAVE JUST SAID THAT THE REST OF THE ETHNICS IN NIGERIA DO NOT COUNT ,ONLY IBOS COUNT,YOU HAVE JUST REPEATED WHAT DR. ZIK SAID IN THOSE DAYS ABOUT THE IBOS WHICH IS WHAT THE AUTHOR OF THIS ARCLE (PROF. TAM DAVID WEST) WROTE ABOUT AND YET YOU CALL YOURSELF AN INTELLETUAL !!.I NOTICE YOU USED THE WORD “TRIBE” WHICH IS DEROGATORY ENOUGH!.THE WORD “TRIBE” FIRST APPEARED IN THE ENGLISH BIBLE ABOUT THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL AND HAVE YOU EVER MET ANY JEWISH MAN WHO DESCRIBES HIMSELF AS A TRIBEMAN?. THERE ARE MANY ETHNICS IN ENGLAND AND EUROPE,HAVE YOU EVER HEARD THEM TRIBALISING THEMSELVES?.OUR COLONIAL MASTERS USED THE WORD “TRIBE” FOR US AND WE SINCE THEN GOT STUCKED TO IT.IT IS AN INSULT CALLING OURSELVES TRIBES,WE ARE INSULTING OURSELVES THAT IS WHY LORD LUGGARD WROTE ALL THOSE THINGS ABOUT US.THE WORD TRIBE IS ONLY USED FOR AFRICANS,AUSTRALIAN NATIVE AND INDIGENOUS INDIANS OF NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICANS,WHITE PEOPLE NEVER USED IT FOR THEMSELVES AND WHEREAS IT FIRST RELATES TO THEM THAN US.THE WHITE TRIBALISED US AS PRIMITIVES.SO MY BROTHER DESIST FROM USING IT ON YOUR BROTHERS AND SISTERS.JUST TO LET YOU KNOW.

  2. Prof TS David-West has given an insightful analysis that even the weak minded can understand.

    I find his comparison of our finances during the civil war with our current plan to become enslaved to th IMF most instructive!

  3. Become a member of Netcontacts today and be paid N1500 for each person u invite to register as member also, Netcontacts has change the lives of so Many Nigerians, i urge u to embrace it and make alots of benefits. For more information click here and register to get started http://xrl.us/bnxwkg Goodluck

  4. Igbo man is unbeatable. the only tribe that believed in one nigeria, others are full of deceit. Nigeria can only witness progress only when an igbo is incharge, otherwise you are waisting your time. Any attempt to allow Hausa/fulani to take over is drawing Nigeria back another 100years. It is only in Nigeria that you find this people relevant. other places that are cattle rearers or shoe makers

  5. This is an excellent write up. Our problem is leadership. It will elude us for a long time to come. Therefore no solution in sight yet for Nigeria, the “de-education” of the last three decades is another insult upon injury, which is already here to take its own tow. Nigerians must wait for the old military generals to die out first because they turned Nigeria upside down and are back to keep it so as politicians of the PDP camp. I am not in support of “split the nation” but we are caugh up in a stage where “split” could behoove the starting of a better union.

    • @Thompson Luanda And what are you?.Please read below what the former Gov -Gen. of Nigeria wrote about us

      Lord Lugard, the former governor-general of Nigeria, in 1926, wrote his unfiltered thought about Nigerians. From his book, The Dual Mandates, come these excerpts:
      “In character and temperament, the typical African of this race-type is a happy, thriftless, excitable person, lacking in self-control, discipline, and foresight. Naturally courageous, and naturally courteous and polite, full of personal vanity, with little sense of veracity, fond of music and loving weapons as an oriental loves jewellery. His thoughts are concentrated on the events and feelings of the moment, and he suffers little from the apprehension for the future or grief for the past. His mind is far nearer to the animal world than that of the European or Asiatic, and exhibits something of the animals’ placidity and want of desire to rise beyond the state he has reached.
      “Through the ages, the African appears to have evolved no organised religious creed, and though some tribes appear to believe in a deity, the religious sense seldom rises above pantheistic animalism and seems more often to take the form of a vague dread of the supernatural. He lacks the power of organisation, and is conspicuously deficient in the management and control alike of men or business. He loves the display of power, but fails to realize its responsibility – he will work hard with a less incentive than most races. He has the courage of the fighting animal, an instinct rather than a moral virtue. In brief, the virtues and defects of his race -type are those of attractive children, whose confidence when it is won is given ungrudgingly as to an older and wiser superior and without envy. Perhaps, the two traits which have impressed me as those most characteristic of the African native are his lack of apprehension and his lack of ability to visualize the future”
      Let’s focus on the last statement: “the two traits which have impressed me as those most characteristic of the African native are his lack of apprehension and his lack of ability to visualize the future”
      Have you commented or written in manner exhibiting these characterisation identified here about you?

  6. @OLU ADE IN YOUR FIRST COMMENT YOU WROTE WITH BOTTLED UP HATE AND ANGER FOR THE IGBOS. IN YOUR SECOND COMMENT YOU WROTE AS A BRITISH/LUGARD APOLOGIST WHOSE THOUGHT AND VIEWS ARE THAT OF EUROCENTRISM. LISTEN YOUR HATE OF THE IGBOS CANNOT STOP GOD’S AGENDA FOR THEIR MANIFEST DESTINY. WE THE YOUNG GENERATION OF IGBO RACE NOW KNOW WHY GOD PLANTED US WITHIN THE COMMITY OF NATIONS IN NIGERIA. WE ARE THE ONLY NIGERIANS THAT BELIVE IN NIGERIA. THE POST CIVIL WAR VICTOROIUS ALLIANCE OF NORTH, SOUTH WEST AND SOUTH SOUTH WHO SHARED NIGERIA POLITICAL POWER AS WAR BOOTY KEPT ON LOOTING THE COUNTRY AND STASHING THEIR LOOT OVERSEAS WHILE THE VANQUISHED IGBO LEFT TO EAT THE CRUMBS THAT FALL FROM THE MASTERS’ TABLE KEPT ON BUILDING NIGERIA WITH THEIR BLOOD AND SWEAT, BUYING UP THE DESERT LANDS IN THE NORTH AND THE SWAMPS IN THE SOUTH WEST AND SOUTH SOUTH AND TURNING THEM INTO HABITABLE CITIES. STILL THEY ARE SO HATED BY PEOPLE LIKE YOU. THE VICTORIOUS ALLIANCE MADE SURE THE IGBO NATION IS MADE A LANDLOCKED NATION AS A WAY TO FORCE THEM TO REMAIN DEPENDENT ON THE SEA BORDERED PARTS OF NIGERIA. IT HAS PAID OFF FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SW AND SS BY THE IGBOS. SEA BORDERED IGBOS OF SS WERE BRAIN WASHED TO DENY THEIR IGBO HERITAGE THAT IS WHY A MAN BEARING CHIBUIKE, AMADI, AMAECHI, ODILI, OMEHIA WILL WITHOUT SHAME TELL YOU I AM NOT IGBO. SORRY TO THEM AND TO THOSE WHO BRAIN WASHED THEM. LET IT BE KNOWN TO ALL BY VIRTUE OF IGBO HARD SWEAT INVESTMENTS IN NIGERIA WE WILL DEFEND THE INTEGRITY OF NIGERIA WITH OUR LIVES AND BLOOD EXCEPT GOD SAYS OTHER WISE.

  7. Ezebue onochie on

    @olu Ade to be candid with you,i didnt witnessed d civil war but i read it all,@prof Tam david west thanks for d Article,@olu dnt justify ibo nation because of some individual comments and pompousity,if you continue with this it wont yield any fruit for pan Nigeriana rather it posits anti pan nigeriana,rancur,acrimony and strangling of ones tribe.Cause of nigeria disunity was as a result of d first coup 15 january 1966 led by major Chukwuma kaduna Nzeogwu,d coup was obviously tribalistic in nature,secondly lt Gen Aguiyi ironsi sluggish attitude to prosecute d coup plotters and this necessited the secound coup that led to war.plz Nigerians we dont hav another country to be called ours accept nigeria.let us shun tribalism and religious sentiment,and our country,pan nigeriana d undestructive Eagles and Eaglets.

  8. adeyemi sandra on

    Earn Instant $4.83 In your Liberty reserve Thru Currency Exchange
    Exchange earnings

    Break into your Financial Freedom do not pay any one to teach about online business
    i have paid heavily to so many brokers and Forex marketers but got nothing and i am
    unveiling this here for free do not pay any one to get this, start making you own earnings
    online its free, All you need do, is just to get your calculator and follow me carefully
    as i outline the (steps) below.

    thelibertycashstreams-workfromhome(.)hpage(.)co(.)in

Leave A Reply